The History of Poker

The history of poker is a debatable issue. The origin of the name of poker could have began from the French poque which originated from the German pochen which means to 'knock' which also means 'to brag' in Dutch. But it still remains unclear whether the origin of poker itself is based on these two games. It is similar to as nas, a game from Persia and may have been introduced to settlers from France in New Orleans by sailors from the country. It is usually regarded as originating from primero, a Renaissance game, and from brelan of France. The game brag from England originated from brelan and included bluffing although the idea was used in other games during that time. It could probably have influenced the growth of poker as it is now.

Joseph Crowell, an English actor, verified that poker was played in New Orleans in the year 1829, using a deck of 20 cards, in which four players gamble on who has the most valuable hand. A book authored by Jonathan H. Green explained the countrywide expansion of the game through Mississippi riverboats, which spent their time gambling. As it reached the Mississippi and the West during the period of the gold rush, it was incorporated in the frontier, groundbreaking culture.

After it was expanded, the full 52-card deck of the English was utilized, and flush was initiated. Many variations were introduced during the Civil War. Additional American developments commenced. The wild card in 1875, lowball and split-pot poker during the 1900s and community card poker sometime in 1925. The U.S. military is credited for extending the game to other countries, especially in Asia.

Poker games and jargons have become incorporated in the culture of the American and English. Some common poker phrases are part of daily conservations, even among those who do not have knowledge of its beginnings in the game of poker.

In 1970, American casinos introduced modern tournament play with the birth of the World Poker Tour, which featured some of the best professional poker players worldwide. The popularity of poker reached its peak in the initial years of the twenty first century, due to the arrival of online poker and the development of hole-card camera, which transformed the game into a spectator sport. The action of poker tournaments, like the World Poker Tour and World Series of Poker, can be seen by huge audiences using cable and satellite television.

Close